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In recent years Tajikistan has pursued agreements with Iran and Pakistan to gain port access in those countries via Afghanistan. [61], In 2010, there were concerns among Tajik officials that Islamic militarism in the east of the country was on the rise following the escape of 25 militants from a Tajik prison in August, an ambush that killed 28 Tajik soldiers in the Rasht Valley in September,[62] and another ambush in the valley in October that killed 30 soldiers,[63] followed by fighting outside Gharm that left 3 militants dead. The Bolsheviks prevailed after a four-year war, in which mosques and villages were burned down and the population heavily suppressed. There were slightly over 224 thousand births in Tajikistan in 2017, down from 230 thousand in 2016.

Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). The Islamic Renaissance Party (IRP), a major combatant in the 1992–1997 Civil War and then-proponent of the creation of an Islamic state in Tajikistan, constitutes no more than 30% of the government by statute. Their language is one of the dialects of ancient Soghd languages, which was spoken by a part of modern Tajiks ancestries until invasions of Central Asia by Arabs in the 7th and 8th centuries. Most of Tajikistan's population belongs to the Tajik ethnic group,[17] who speak Tajik (a dialect of Persian). United States Army and Marine Corps personnel periodically visit Tajikistan to conduct joint training missions of up to several weeks duration. [115], The state and official language of the Republic of Tajikistan is Tajik, which is written in the Tajik Cyrillic alphabet. [129] People under the age of 18 are also barred from public religious practice. 62.29 years [97] UNODC is working with Tajikistan to strengthen border crossings, provide training, and set up joint interdiction teams. [121], Sunni Islam of the Hanafi school has been officially recognised by the government since 2009. The main urban centres in today's Tajikistan include Dushanbe (the capital), Khujand, Kulob, Panjakent, Qurghonteppa, Khorugh and Istaravshan. As a landlocked country Tajikistan has no ports and the majority of transportation is via roads, air, and rail. [146], The national sport of Tajikistan is gushtigiri, a form of traditional wrestling. International assistance also was necessary to address the second year of severe drought that resulted in a continued shortfall of food production. [citation needed] Russian troops were required to restore order during uprisings against the Khanate of Kokand between 1910 and 1913. Approximately 87%–95% of them are Sunni and roughly 3% are Shia and roughly 7% are non-denominational Muslims. Все права защищены. "Tadzhikistan" redirects here. [150] In 2008, the sport was officially registered with the Ministry of Justice, and there are currently 3 men's clubs.[151]. Largest Cities in Tajikistan CITY NAME [44] During 1957–58 Nikita Khrushchev's Virgin Lands Campaign focused attention on Tajikistan, where living conditions, education and industry lagged behind the other Soviet Republics. total population: World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. Failure to register can result in large fines and closure of place of worship. [141] There is a relatively large number of tertiary education institutions including Khujand State University which has 76 departments in 15 faculties,[141] Tajikistan State University of Law, Business, & Politics, Khorugh State University, Agricultural University of Tajikistan, Tajik National University, and several other institutions. [106], In 2009 Tajikistan had 26 airports, 18 of which had paved runways, of which two had runways longer than 3,000 meters. There is a concern for religious institutions becoming active in the political sphere.

Native speakers of the Kyrgyz language live in the north of Kuhistani Badakshshan Autonomus Region. See: The Deeds of Harsha: Being a Cultural Study of Bāṇa's Harshacharita, 1969, p 199, Dr Vasudeva Sharana Agrawala; Proceedings and Transactions of the All-India Oriental Conference, 1930, p 118, Dr J. C. Vidyalankara; Prācīna Kamboja, jana aura janapada =: Ancient Kamboja, people and country, 1981, Dr Jiyālāla Kāmboja, Dr Satyavrat Śāstrī – Kamboja (Pakistan). Coordinates: 39°N 71°E / 39°N 71°E / 39; 71. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. Automobiles account for more than 90% of the total volume of passenger transportation and more than 80% of domestic freight transportation.
These factions were supported by foreign countries including Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan and Russia. The Amu Darya and Panj rivers mark the border with Afghanistan, and the glaciers in Tajikistan's mountains are the major source of runoff for the Aral Sea. Another special group of Tajiks are the Yaghnobi – direct descendants of Soghdians, living in the high mountain valley of Yaghnob (influx of Zerafshan). Despite this, according to article 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, Russian language is recognized as the official language of inter-ethnic communication in the country. In the South of Tajikistan a small number of Arabs live.

Education is required through high school (11 years of schooling) but completion rate is under 90%; definition: The traditional homelands of the Tajik people include present-day Tajikistan as well as parts of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.
Tajikistan population is equivalent to … [54] The elections took place shortly after the end of the war, and Tajikistan was in a state of complete devastation., Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 August 2020, at 22:52. In the fourth place (after Tajik, Russian and Uzbek) by the number of native speakers are various Pamir languages whose native speakers live in Kuhistani Badakshshan Autonomus Region. The Parya language of local Romani people (Central Asian Gypsies) is also widely spoken in Tajikistan. [citation needed], Modern Tajikistan fell under the rule of the Khanate of Bukhara during the 16th century and with the empire's collapse in the 18th century it came under the rule of both the Emirate of Bukhara and Khanate of Kokand. [1], Until the 20th century, people in the region used two types of distinction to identify themselves: way of life - either nomadic or sedentary - and place of residence. In January 2012, 680,152 of the people living in Tajikistan were living with food insecurity. [44] He was followed in office by Tursun Uljabayev (1956–61), Jabbor Rasulov (1961–1982), and Rahmon Nabiyev (1982–1985, 1991–1992). [30] The bridge was built by the United States. [91] Tajik migrant workers abroad, mainly in the Russian Federation, have become by far the main source of income for millions of Tajikistan's people[92] and with the 2014–2015 downturn in the Russian economy the World Bank has predicted large numbers of young Tajik men will return home and face few economic prospects. After the beginning of the Perestroika era, declared by Mikhail Gorbachev throughout the USSR, supporters of the independence of the republics began to speak openly and freely. [78][79] The current economic situation remains fragile, largely owing to corruption, uneven economic reforms, and economic mismanagement. [59] It is now the main base of the Tajikistan air force.

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